Study of iconography of Tripuranthaka Shiva during various dynasties in Karnataka

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Tripuranthaka Shiva, vaividhyamaya drishya nirupane-Study of iconography of Tripuranthaka Shiva during various dynasties in Karnataka

Author:  Dr.  R. H. Kulakarni

Place: Badami, Pattadakal, Balligave, Ellora, Javagal, Hosa Holalu, Hampi, Ammina Bavi, Suttur

The author has presented in detail the iconographical features of Tripurantaka Shiva (Shiva slaying the Demon Tripurasura). The earliest form of this can be seen in Patadakal (belonging to Badami Chalukya period, 6-7 AD). Rashtrakutas also followed the same features as can be seen in Ellora, Kailasanatha Temple. Tripuranthakeshwara  temple at Balligave is built by Kalyana Chalukyas.  During Hoysala period, this story was presented in more detail and with beautiful ornamentation as can be seen in Hoysala temples at Javagal and Hosa Holalu. During this period, representing Tripurasura in 3 circular patterns began. This style is carried on by Vijayanagara sculptures and painters. One can see this depiction in murals at Virupaksha temple at Hampi.

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