Ask a Historian

Are you visiting a historical place in Karnataka or been to a village/town and want to know the history of the place, interesting inscriptions/temples in that region?

Do you own or seen any historical artifacts like, copper plates, coins, manuscripts or old documents?

Have you seen any temple, inscriptions or hero stones in your vicinity that are yet to be discovered?

We will be delighted to help you in following ways:

  • Give information about the place/temple
  • Dating the artifact
  • Deciphering the content of the inscriptions/manuscript
  • Historical information
  • Tips on preservation
  • Bringing to the attention of agencies which are responsible for preserving the historical monuments and artifacts.

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58 responses to “Ask a Historian

  1. Dear, sir, madam, I naveen visited my mothers home town in kudlagi district a small hamlet called germale there is a family who belong to palagars, it seems once a Astana called germale existed the last person who was given pension was venkatapa nayaka I have some documents captured in tab which are in halae Kannada could u please help me in finding the forgotten history of palagers of germalae, related documents are available.

  2. Hello Sir, I stayed in Tamil Nadu for two years and I feel lot of words and style of speaking has resemblence in kannada too. I have feeling that kannada evolved out of Tamil.I’m curious to know plz reply. By the way I’m kannadiga too.

    • Sir,the languages Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and many others originated from the same Dravidian language. Telugu, Tulu are the first ones to branch away and Kannada, Tamil still retain most words from the main Dravidian language. There are tribals in Madhya Pradesh and Orissa who still speak in original Dravidian.

      Please refer to these books for extensive study about the origin and evolution of these languages.:

      1. Settar, S (2007): Sangam Tamilagam Mattu Kannada Nadu-Nudi
      2. Bishop Robert Caldwell: Dravidian linguistics

  3. Dear sir, Presently I am working on religious herostones ( mainly connected with Veerasaivism , where in devotees were cutting their necks, body parts as a part of religious ritual) Can you suggest me which are the places and temples / museums I can get them to see in Karnataka state.Thank you

  4. Dear sir, Please let me know the details/history about Bhairva Statue located at Hire Jamboor, Shimoga Dist.

  5. Dear Historian,
    I would like to know about the history of the Ummathur village. It is my ancestral village. My family God Sri Bujangeswara is the proceeding deity of the village. We call our clan as Baaneer. I just noticed that the Tagadur chiefs were called as Kommeyaru. Among the Vokkaliga Gowdas of Kongu region. This kommeyaru clan is still existing. They consider Thagadur as their ancestral village. I would like to know the connection between Baaneer and Ummathur.

  6. Hello Historian,
    Few weeks ago I came across few images of Aihole temple in its ruins (unlike today), claimed to be shot during the 1850s.

    I am just curious to know when and who were the first people to start documenting the history of early Kannada empires namely Chalukyas, Kadambas and Rashtrakutas? Prior to this documentation, what was the level of knowledge of the Karnataka’s history among Kannada people? I mean did people during the early 18th century even know about Chalukyas or any other kingdoms of the 3rd to 14th century? I believe this is the best place to get answers to these questions. I am sharing links of the Aihole temple in its ruins which I found in internet.

  7. Sir Can you please publish blogs in english also for the benefit of people who dont know how to read Kannada.

    I am feeling bit frustrated on not able to read great findings on Hoysala

    • Sir, through our blog, we are publishing research articles with a brief description in english. If you are interested in any article, we will try to get it translated for you. If you want many articles to be translated, since the work involves cost, we request you to visit our academy office for this purpose.

  8. Dear sir,
    I am from Settykere village of chikkanayakanahalli taluk and tumkur district. I want to know about “kallumath and veerabhadraswamy temple” and we are the succesors of math. I want to know if any histry available about math.
    Banuprakash Kallumath S J

    • Sir, thank you for the query. I contacted Dr. Yogishwarappa, who is a well known historian and has extensive research and has published many books on Tumkur history. He will soon be going to Settikere on a field visit. We will keep you posted about the research.

  9. Sir,my grandparents before 200 years migrated from ummathur during tippu sulthans rule,they were not able to resist the cruel treatment of tippu sulthan and his people,converting Hindus to Muslims,raping Hindu girls(mappila kilapath)and so on and now they are settled in Ayyankolly near Gudalur in Nilgiris district of Tamil Nadu . I like to know the history’s and detail of tippu war affected ummathur.

  10. Sir, I recently read a news item about Kalabaras in Nandidurg region, could you please tell more about this ancient people.

    • Hello madam, sorry for the delay in responsing to your query. Below is the information given by our president Dr. Devarakonda Reddy about your question.

      The meaning of Kalaba is – Baby elephant – Aaane mari. Kalabaru – Kalabas may mean that they had a royal seal or emblem of a baby elephant.Dr. Reddy equates a lineage of Ganga’s who ruled Nandi region as Kalabas – Kalabaru with ‘Detheja’ being the first ruler and ruler ‘Kannakuri’ being the last in that lineage. There is also a mention of Kalabaru in the Halmidi Shasana as ‘kalaboorada ari’, Dr. Reddy says.

      There is an article written by B.G.L Swamy probably published in Tamilnadu about Kalabra Inter-regime.

      The Nandi fort and the BoghaNandishwara temple (802AD) at Nandi village is constructed by a Bana Queen named Ratnavali who is mentioned as Manikabbe in Kannada inscriptions. Banas ruled from Vaniyambadi, then the Kannada region.

  11. ನಾನು ಹರಿಶಂಕರ್‌. ನನಗೆ ತಲಕಾಡಿನ ಗಂಗರ ಕುರಿತು ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಅಗತ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಬೇಕಿದೆ. ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾಗಿ ಅವರು ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿದ ಜೈನ ಬಸದಿಗಳ ಕುರಿತು. ಅವರಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾವ ರಾಜ ಜೈನ ಬಸದಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಆದ್ಯತೆ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿದ್ದರು ಎಂಬುದರ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಬೇಕಿದೆ. ಮತ್ತು, ಈ ಕುರಿತು ಸಮರ್ಪಕವಾಗಿ ವಿವರಿಸಬಲ್ಲ ತಜ್ಞರನ್ನು ದಯಮಾಡಿ ತಿಳಿಸಿ. ಮಾಹಿತಿ ತುರ್ತು ಬೇಕಿದೆ.

  12. ತಲಕಾಡಿನ ಗಂಗರ ಕುರಿತು ಕೆಲ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಬೇಕಿದೆ. ಅವರಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾವ ರಾಜ ಜೈನಧರ್ಮ, ಜೈನ ಬಸದಿಗಳಿಗೆ ಹೆಚ್ಚಿನ ಪ್ರಾಧಾನ್ಯತೆ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿದ್ದರು ಎಂಬುದ ಕುರಿತು ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕಿದೆ ಮತ್ತು ಈ ಕುರಿತು ಸಮರ್ಪಕವಾಗಿ ವಿವರಿಸಬಲ್ಲ ತಜ್ಞರನ್ನು ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ತಿಳಿಸಿ.

    • ಮಾನ್ಯರೇ, ನೀವು ಡಾ. ದೇವರಕೊಂಡ ರೆಡ್ಡಿಯವರನ್ನು ಸಂಪರ್ಕಿಸಿರುವಿರೆಂದು ತಿಳಿದಿದ್ದೇವೆ.

  13. ಕನ್ನಡ ಲಿಪಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಿದ್ಧಂ ಅಥವಾ ಸ್ವಸ್ತಿ ಚಿಹ್ನೆ ಶಾಸನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ವ್ಯಾಪಕವಾಗಿ ಬಳಕೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇದೆ. ಇದು ಸುರುಳಿಯಾಕಾರದಲ್ಲಿ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ. ಈ ಚಿಹ್ನೆಯಿರುವ ಶಾಸನಗಳ ಚಿತ್ರವನ್ನು ಶಾಸನದ ವಿವರವನ್ನು ನೀಡಬಲ್ಲಿರಾ?
    ಈ ಕೆಳಕಂಡ ಇಮೇಲ್ ಗೆ ಕಳುಹಿಸಬಹುದು

  14. sir
    i have visited gunavantha and idakunji temple near kumta , gokarna to study brahmin of karnataka left to kerala from these villages during 12 century . The inscription at Gunavantha was mixed of tulu amy be granthalipi.
    can it possible to read these stone inscription ? It may be the brahmin movemnt?

    • Hello Sir, please refer to Karnataka Inscriptions Vol 2 and 3, South Indian Inscriptions Vol 27 for inscriptions of North Kanara district. We will try to fecth the information and get back to you.

  15. ಸರ್.ನನ್ನ ಹೆಸರು ರಮೇಶಪ್ಪ ಬಿ. ನಮ್ಮ ಗ್ರಾಮ ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಯ ಶಿಕಾರಿಪುರ ತಾಲೂಕಿನ “ಹಿರೇಜಂಬೂರು ” .ನಮ್ಮ ಗ್ರಾಮದಲ್ಲಿ ದೊರಕಿರುವ ಕ್ರಿ ಶ 1008 ರ ಶಾಸನದ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಹಿರೇಜಂಬೂರಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ವೇದ ಪಾಠಶಾಲೆ ಇದ್ದದು ತಿಳಿಯುತ್ತದೆ. ಆದರೆ ಅದರ ಅನೇಕ ಅವಶೇಷಗಳು ಕೆರೆಯ ದಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಂಡು ಬರುತ್ತಿವೆ. ಕೆಲವು ಶಾಸನಗಳು ಗೋಚರಿಸುತ್ತಿವೆ… ಇದೆಲ್ಲದರ ಕುರಿತು ಸಮಗ್ರ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ನಮಗೆ ಬೇಕಾಗಿದೆ… ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಮಾಗ೯ದಶ೯ನ ನೀಡಿ ….

    • ಮಾನ್ಯರೆ, ನಿಮ್ಮ ಸ್ಥಳದ ಇತಿಹಾಸವನ್ನು ಅರಿಯಲು ಹಾಗು ಅವಶೇಷಗಳನ್ನು ಸಂರಕ್ಷಿಸಲು ತಾವು ತೋರಿಸುತ್ತಿರುವ ಕಾಳಜಿ ನಿಜಕ್ಕೂ ಅಭಿನಂದನಾರ್ಹವಾದದ್ದು. ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಕೆಳಗಿನ ಕೊಂಡಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಲಗತ್ತಿಸಿರುವ ಎಪಿಗ್ರಾಫಿಯಾ ಕರ್ನಾಟಿಕ ಸಂಪುಟ ೭, ಇದರಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಟ್ಟಿರುವ ಹಿರೇ ಜಂಬೂರಿನ ಶಾಸನಗಳ ವಿವರಣೆಯನ್ನು ಗಮನಿಸಿ. ಇನ್ನೂ ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ಕೊಡಲು ಪ್ರಯತ್ನಿಸುತ್ತೇವೆ.


  16. ನಮಸ್ತೆ ಸರ್… ನಮ್ಮ ಗ್ರಾಮವು ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಯ ಶಿಕಾರಿಪುರ ತಾಲೂಕಿನ ಹಿರೇಜಂಬೂರಾಗಿದ್ದು… ಇಲ್ಲಿ ದೊರೆಯುವ ಕ್ರಿಶ 1008 ನೇ ಸಾಲಿನ ಶಾಸನದ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಈ ಗ್ರಾಮದಲ್ಲಿ ಆ ವೇಳೆಗೆ ಒಂದು ವೇದ ಪಾಠಶಾಲೆ ಇದ್ದು ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ದಾನ ನೀಡಿದ ವಿವರಗಳು ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ಲಭ್ಯ ಇದೆ… ಆದರೆ ವೇದ ಪಾಠಶಾಲೆಯ ಕುರುಹುಗಳು ಗ್ರಾಮದ ಮಹಾ ಕೆರೆಯ ದಡದಲ್ಲಿ ದೊರೆತಿದ್ದು ಕೆಲವು ಶಾಸನದ ತುಣುಕುಗಳು ಲಭಿಸಿವೆ :ಅದರ ಕುರಿತಾದ ಸಮಗ್ರ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಅವಶ್ಯಕವಾಗಿದೆ… ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಮಾಗ೯ದಶ೯ನ ನೀಡಬೇಕಾಗಿ ವಿನಂತಿ

    • ರಮೇಶಪ್ಪ ಅವರೇ, ನಿಮ್ಮ ಪ್ರಶ್ನೆಗೆ ಉತ್ತರವನ್ನು ತಿಳಿಸಲಾಗಿದೆ. ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಗಮನಿಸಿ

      • ಮಾನ್ಯರೇ… ನಿಮ್ಮ ಸ್ಪ೦ದನೆಗೆ ಆಭಾರಿಯಾಗಿದ್ದೇನೆ.. ಆದರೆ ಈ ಮಾಹಿತಿಗಳು ಈಗಾಗಲೇ ಲಭ್ಯವಿದ್ದು… ವೇದ ಪಾಠ ಶಾಲೆ ಇರುವ ಸ್ಥಳದ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ವಿವರ ಆವಶ್ಯಕವಾಗಿದೆ.. ನಮ್ಮ ಗಮನಕ್ಕೆ ತಿಳಿದಂತೆ ನಮ್ಮ ಊರಿನ ಕೆರೆಯ ದಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಅನೇಕ ಶಿಲಾ ಅವಶೇಷಗಳು ಅನಾಥವಾಗಿ ಅಮೂಲ್ಯ ಇತಿಹಾಸವನ್ನು ಹೇಳಲಾಗದೆ ಮೂಕವಾಗಿ ಬಿದ್ದಿವೆ… ದಯವಿಟ್ಟು ಆ ಕುರಿತು ಮಾಗ೯ದಶ೯ನ ನೀಡಿ…

  17. ನಮಸ್ತೆ… ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಯ ಶಿಕಾರಿಪುರ ತಾಲೂಕಿನ ಬಳ್ಳಿಗಾವಿಯಲ್ಲಿ “ಸೀತೆ ಕೊಳ” ದ ಬಳಿ ಇರುವ ಸಹಸ್ರ ಕಲ್ಲುಗಳಿಂದ ಕೊಳವನ್ನು ಕಟ್ಟಿ ಮಧ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ದೇವಾಲಯ ಪಕ್ಕದಲ್ಲಿ ಎರಡು ಕಿರು ಮಂಟಪಗಳು ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಅಂತ್ಯದ ಕೊನೆಯ ಸ್ಥಿತಿಯಲ್ಲಿವೆ.. ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳ ಕುರಿತು ಮಾಹಿತಿ ನೀಡಿ… ಹಾಗೆಯೇ ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯವನ್ನ ಸಂರಕ್ಷಿಸದೇ ಹೀಗೆ ಹಾಳು ಬಿಟ್ಟರಲು ಕಾರಣವೇನು?

  18. Dear sir or madame, recently I do research about memorial stones. I found sati stone in my local Museum and I have a problem with iconography. In the upper panel there is an image of moon and sun and arm, and with them I have no problem. But there is a five balls in line above the moon and I don’t know what them symbolize. I hope you can help me. I can send you a photo of the stone.

    • Hello Paulina, here is what the scholars in the Academy say for now. We will update you if any more information is available.
      1. This Sati stone is not from Karnataka, southern India. It appears more to be from Northern India.
      2. The five balls depicted there may represent 5 lemons. Lemon and hand mirror are prominently seen in the sati stones of southern region. If the slain person had shown galantry and valour, the wife before being burnt on the pyre, would throw 5 lemons standing on her pyre onto the pyre of her husband. This was done specially if the person was a hero. There is a reference to this act in medieval Kannada Vachanas.

      We would like to know more about you and in which museum this memorial stone is housed.

      Best Regards

    • Dear Paulina, another view of the Academy is that the 5 balls might be representing that the soul of the hero joined Pancha Bootha meaning became one with the Nature. Pancha Bootha, five great elements, also five physical elements, is a group of five basic elements in nature, according to Hinduism, is the basis of all cosmic creation.They are: Prithvi – Earth, Apas/Jal – Water, Agni- Fire, Vayu – Air, Aakash – ether.

  19. sir,
    i am aswarhanarayana kn
    in inscriptions there are mudres like VAMANA MUDRE , LINGA MUDRE
    etc. totally how many types mudres are there. What are the importance. Who can use which mudre. means royal families can use one type of mudre & common people can use other mudre ?

    • Hello Sir, thanks for the query. Generally 4 types of boundary stones are seen in Karnataka region which define the bounday of the land donated or granted to a person or temple.
      1. Vamana mudre kallu – This boundary stone depicts god Vamana with umbrella and Kamandalu (Pot of holy water).
      2. Shanku and Chakra (Symbols of Vishnu) sculpted on separate stones
      The above ones were used by Vaishnava sect.
      3. Linga mudre kallu – This boundary stone depicts Linga and were installed by Shaivaits to define the periphery.
      4. Govu Kallu – This boundary stone depicts an ox and installed on the periphery.

      Boundary stones/ Mudre kallu are mentioned in inscriptions – shasana to declare donation of the land at many places in Karnataka.

  20. ಮಾನ್ಯರೇ,
    ಶ್ರೀಮತಿ. ವಸುಂಧರ ಫಿಲಿಯೊಜಾ ಮಂಡಿಸಿರುವ ಪ್ರಬಂಧ ‘ ವಿಜಯನಗರದ ಮೊದಲ ರಾಜರುಗಳು ‘ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಲಭ್ಯವಿದೆಯೇ ? ತಿಳಿಸಿ.


  21. I visited fort of Yadgir. Its a must visit place to see the variety in architecture as well as the cannons.

    I could hardly get about it’s HISTORY and want to know about it’s medieval history much more i.e. conuer by Yadavas, Bahamani, Kutubshahi and Maratha empire.

    Please help me in this regards.
    satvik penkar, Thane, Maharashtra.

    • Hello Sir, sorry for the delay in responding to your query. Yadgir fort history dates back to the period of Kalyana Chalukhyas. Fort has lived from 11th century AD till 18-19 century AD. Yadgir is mentioned as Ethagiri in inscriptions. Kalyana Chalukhya king Jayasimha The 6th had installed a victory pillar with a tiger emblem. Chalukhya king Vikramadithya had visited Ethagiri and made ‘Thula Purusha’ and ‘Hiranya Garbha’ Dhana at this place during the year 1077 AD. Some of the Jaina relics can also be found on the hill. The fort of this period was demolished and reconstructed by Adilshahis in 14 or 15th century AD. Fort was known as ‘Thopugala Kote’ as cannons were installed at various places in the fort. An inscription of 1557 AD mentions a metallurgist Mohammad Ali Akbar who manufactured many cannons here. In 1785 AD, during the visit of Hyderabad’s Nizam Ali khan, a bastion named ‘Nijaaval Burj’ was constructed. No historical sources are available to trace the history of the fort during 19th century.

  22. Hi,
    This is kiran from krishnagiri district, Tamilnadu. Krishnagiri is 90 kms from bangalore.
    1)There are many kannada inscriptions found in our district. I want to know about the informations in it, Is any book available regarding this.
    2)If any new kannada inscription is found here in future. will you help to decipher it.
    3)A village called kundani in our district was capital of vira ramanathan of hoysala dynasty. Any book available regarding this.
    4)There are many forts in our district built during vijayanagar empire like krishnagiri fort, Jagadevi fort. Actually our district was part of jagir given to Jagadevaraya who ruled from channapatna, I want to know more about jagadevaraya and forts built during vijayanagar period. can you help me.
    thank you.

    • Hello Sir, we are happy to receive your query. There is a research paper in Kannada by Dr. P V Krishnamurthy (Hesar Kundani Rayja during the reign of Mummadi Veera Ballala) published by the academy whose link is given below. We shall get back to you on other resources which throw light on the inscriptions of your place.

      Information about your query from Dr P V K Sir himself
      So far more than 22 Kannada inscriptions are noticed in Krishnagiri tq. from the villages Kannadahalli, Krishnagiri, Kudupalli, Kuppam, Gangavaram, Guddapalli, Chennasandra, Dhavalam, Nattam kdaiyur, Narimedu, Palakkuri, Palaypet, Periyamukkulam, Rayakote, Vadamangalam, Styanathapura and Sappinipatti. Most of them were noticed in ARIE vols. of ASI. some in the Kannada University Inscriptions Series vol. 4.

      In Krishnagiri Dist. in total from Uttangari tq.-5,
      Krishnagiri tq. 22, Denkanikote tq. 36 and in Hosur tq. 45, Total 108 inscriptions were so far noticed, still more are there, but sarvey not done.
      Regarding Jagadevaraya of Channapattana one has to go through. Mr. Hayavadana Raos Gazetteer Vols. of Mysore.

      Information from Dr H S Gopala Rao
      Hampi University has published ‘Thamilu Naadina Kannada Shasangalu’ (Kannada Inscriptions of Tamilunadu).
      And Kannada Vishwavidhyala Dharawada has published in Shanasana Samputa Vol 4


  23. Hi,
    I am a very big fan of History and have started to read on our Karnataka rulers.
    I am almost finishing ” Kadamba Kula” book on Kadamba Dynasty.
    Next I want to read on Ganga Dynasty… Can you please help me in referring good book on gl Ganga Dynasty??
    I am looking for detailed Book.
    Thanks in advance.

    • Sir, here is the list of books you can refer.


      ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಅರಸು ಮನೆತನಗಳು – N.ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀನಾರಾಯಣರಾಯರು, R.S.ಪಂಚಮುಖಿ
      Early gang of talkad, s.srikanta sastry, 1952
      Temple s of the gangas of Karnataka, delhi I.k.sharma, 1992
      The gangas of talked, m.v.krishna rao, madras ೧೯೩೬
      History of western gang as, ಷೇಕ್ ಅಲಿ,
      👆🏼ಇದೇ ಹೆಸರಿನ ಕೆ.ವಿ.ರಮೇಶ್ ಅವರ ಪುಸ್ತಕ ವೂ ಇದೆ.
      Architecture and art under the gangas, m.hanumantha rao,
      ತಲಕಾಡಿನ ಗಂಗರ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳು ಒಂದು ಅಧ್ಯಯನ, ದೇವರಕೊಂಡಾರೆಡ್ಡಿ

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