An architectural and cultural study of Shaiva temples of Mulagunda

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Mulagunda shaiva devalayagalu -Study of Shaiva temples of Mulagunda

Author:  S. M. Nagabhushana

Place: Mulagunda, Gadag

This article presents a study of temples, inscriptions and history of Mulagunda, a town in Gadag taluk. The town has rich history where numerous temples, basadis, inscriptions are found though most of them in ruins. According to various inscriptions, the place was known as Chathuryuga Pattana. The region was ruled by various dynasties like Kadamba, Badami Chalukya, Rashtrakuta, Kalyana Chalukya, Hoysala and Sevunas. Mulagunda Sindaru have ruled the town as feudatories under the above mentioned dynasties. The earliest reference to the name ‘Mulugunda’ is found in the Nilagunda inscription of Rashtrakuta king Amogha Varsha belonging to the year 866 AD. Inscriptions of this region mention numerous temples, of which only few are still in existence. The notable ones are Siddeshwara temple, Annadaaneshwara, Nagareshwara, Bhairaveshwara, Pete Basaveshwara temples. Few Jaina basadis – Chandraprabha Basadi, Parshwanatha Basadi still exist. Thousand of architectural elements, idols, inscriptions are strewn around the place. Author says, there is an urgent need to restore and classify them thus bringing to light the rich heritage of this town.

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